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Biological Science, plus MasteringBiology with Pearson eText, Global Edition

Freeman & Quillin & Allison &

For introductory courses for biology majors.

This package includes MasteringBiology™.



Uniquely engages biology students in active learning, scientific thinking, and skill development.

Scott Freeman’s Biological Science is beloved for its Socratic narrative style, its emphasis on experimental evidence, and its dedication to active learning. Science education research indicates that true mastery of content requires a move away from memorization towards active engagement with the material in a focused, personal way. Biological Science is designed to equip students with strategies to assess their level of understanding and identify the types of cognitive skills that need improvement.



With the Sixth Edition, content has been streamlined with an emphasis on core concepts and core competencies from the Vision and Change in Undergraduate Biology Education report. The text’s unique BioSkills section is now placed after Chapter 1 to help students develop key skills needed to become a scientist, new “Making Models” boxes guide learners in interpreting and creating models, and new “Put It all Together” case studies conclude each chapter and help students see connections between chapter content and current, real-world research questions. New, engaging content includes updated coverage of global climate change, advances in genomic editing, and recent insights into the evolution of land plants. The features in the text are supported and integrated with MasteringBiology activities, Learning Catalytics™, and new whiteboard videos that guide students in completing the “Making Models” assignments.



This package includes with MasteringBiology.

MasteringBiology from Pearson is the leading online homework, tutorial, and assessment system, designed to improve results by engaging students before, during, and after class with powerful content and activities. Instructors ensure students arrive ready to learn by assigning educationally effective content before class and encourage critical thinking and retention with in-class resources such as Learning Catalytics™. Students can further master concepts after class through traditional and adaptive homework assignments that provide hints and answer-specific feedback. The Mastering gradebook records scores for all automatically graded assignments in one place, while diagnostic tools give instructors access to rich data to assess student understanding and misconceptions. Mastering brings learning full circle by continuously adapting to each student and making learning more personal than ever—before, during, and after class.



MasteringBiology should only be purchased when required by an instructor. Please be sure you have the correct ISBN and Course ID. Instructors, contact your Pearson representative for more information.

Features
This title is a Pearson Global Edition. The Editorial team at Pearson has worked closely with educators around the world to include content which is especially relevant to students outside the United States.



ABOUT THE BOOK




Develop skills-based learning in biology: Building on the extensive skills instruction in previous editions, the Sixth Edition places an even greater emphasis on developing important science skills that reinforce concepts in biology.

Unique BioSkills reference section is now placed earlier in the text to draw attention to key skills students need to succeed in biology. Previously located in an appendix at the end of the text, this easy-to-find reference material now follows Chapter 1 to better support the development of skills throughout the course. Each BioSkill includes practice exercises in the book and in MasteringBiology that reinforce each skill.
NEW! Opening roadmap introduces the BioSkills section and places science skills in context with student success in biology.
NEW! BioSkill on Reading and Making Visual Models teaches students how to interpret visual models and how to create their own models to visualize and understand biology concepts.
NEW! BioSkill on Recognizing and Correcting Misconceptions alerts students to ways that preconceptions about ideas can hinder their understanding of biology. This BioSkill helps students develop metacognition about misconceptions, and it provides some strategies students can employ throughout the course to avoid common pitfalls.
EXPANDED! BioSkill on Interpreting Standard Error Bars and Using Statistical Tests includes a new discussion of commonly used tests, such as Chi square, t-test, and analysis of variance (ANOVA). A new section discusses interpreting P values and statistical significance.
NEW! BioSkill on Using Spectrophotometry covers this technique that is commonly taught and used in introductory labs.
NEW! BioSkill on Using Molecular Biology Tools and Techniques relocates material previously covered in genetics chapters. Coverage includes Making and Using DNA Libraries, PCR, Dideoxy Sequencing, Shotgun Sequencing, and DNA Microarray.
NEW! Unique Making Models boxes appear at strategic points throughout chapters to guide students in deepening their understanding of biology concepts by learning how to interpret and create visual models.
Brief, easy-to-follow instructions are provided in each Making Models box, including a short introduction that describes how to make a useful drawing, a simple sketch that models how to draw the concepts, and an activity question that prompts students to create their own model or modify the example sketch.
Interactive whiteboard videos accompany each Making Models box to deepen the learning and to dynamically show students how to build visual models. Students can access the videos via QR codes, through the eText, or in the Study Area of MasteringBiology.
MORE! Additional quantitative questions have been added throughout the text, and are labeled for easy identification to encourage students to practice quantitative reasoning skills. These questions are available for auto-graded assignments in MasteringBiology.

Engage students in scientific inquiry and active problem-solving: Throughout every chapter, the authors emphasize the scientific process and prompt students to think like a scientist.

NEW! End-of-chapter case studies appear in every chapter and provide a brief summary of contemporary biology research in action. Titled “Put It All Together,” each case study helps students connect what they learn in class with current, real-world biology research questions.
Case study questions ask students to synthesize and apply their knowledge of chapter concepts. Each case study includes at least one question that requires students to analyze real data or apply quantitative skills.
Classroom activity questions are available for clickers and in Learning Catalytics to help instructors easily incorporate the case studies into their classroom teaching.
A wide variety of practice questions and exercises designed to encourage students to stop to test their understanding as they are reading are highlighted in blue throughout the text.
“You should be able to …” activities appear within the prose of each chapter and challenge students to demonstrate understanding or apply their knowledge to new situations.
Figure and table caption questions and exercises ask students to critically examine information in figures and tables.
Every “Blue Thread” question, including end-of-chapter problems,is ranked according to Bloom’s taxonomy and is assignable in MasteringBiology.
The Socratic writing style challenges students to think through problems, form questions, seek answers, and form follow-up questions–practicing the process of science as they read.
Research boxes teach students how we know what we know about biology by using current and classic research to model the observational and hypothesis-testing process of scientific discovery. Each Research box concludes with a question or exercise that asks students to think critically about experimental design by predicting outcomes, analyzing the setup used to test a hypothesis, or interpreting data found in experimental results.


Emphasize conceptual understanding while providing streamlined and up-to-date biology coverage.

Unique Big Picture concept maps integrate visuals and words to help students synthesize concepts, patterns, and information across chapters for challenging topics in biology, including Energy, Genetics, Evolution, and Ecology.
NEW! Big Picture concept map on the Diversity of Life helps students see relationships among the major taxonomic groups in the tree of life.
"You should be able to…" activities encourage students to analyze important patterns within each Big Picture concept map.
Unique chapter-opening roadmaps set the table for learning by visually grouping and organizing information to help students anticipate key ideas as well as recognize meaningful relationships and connections that are explored in the chapter that follows.
NEW! Streamlined coverage maintains an emphasis on topics that are most relevant to how today’s biologists understand the natural world. Examples include:
Newly combined chapters on reproduction and development (Chapter 38 and Chapter 47) integrate discussions that were previously found in separate chapters on developmental biology and plant and animal physiology. Melding and streamlining this information provides a more cohesive and succinct approach to these closely related topics.
NEW! Innovative Diversity summary tables present organismal taxonomy in a manageable and visually engaging format that helps students compare and contrast important details about key lineages. Each table includes a QR code that allows students to easily link to additional online reference material using a smartphone.
New Chapter 20 (The Molecular Revolution: Biotechnology and Beyond) merges coverage of genomics and biotechnology topics that were previously discussed in separate chapters.
Extensive content updates include new data on global climate change, coverage of genomic editing via CRISPR-Cas9, details of how the Ebola virus infects cells, insights into the evolution of land plants, and more.


Closely align formative and summative assessment with Majors Biology course goals: Informed by current science education research and curriculum reform strategies, the Sixth Edition instructor resources provide a broad range of easy-to-use assessment options.

NEW! Chapter Assessment Grids help instructors quickly identify suitable assessment questions in the text according to learning outcomes, Bloom’s taxonomy ranking, core concepts and core competencies discussed in the Vision and Change in Undergraduate Biology Education report, and, when applicable, common student misconceptions.
An extensive selection of mid- and high-level assessment questions are provided throughout each chapter to help students prepare for tests.
NEW! Question labels call attention to questions that require quantitative skills, an understanding of the process of science, connecting biology and society, and making models.
NEW! Caution questions address topics for which students often hold common misconceptions. Answers to Caution questions include information that addresses the misconception.
This package includes with MasteringBiology™.



MasteringBiology from Pearson is the leading online homework, tutorial, and assessment system, designed to improve results by engaging students before, during, and after class with powerful content and activities. Instructors ensure students arrive ready to learn by assigning educationally effective content before class and encourage critical thinking and retention with in-class resources such as Learning Catalytics™. Students can further master concepts after class through traditional and adaptive homework assignments that provide hints and answer-specific feedback. The Mastering gradebook records scores for all automatically graded assignments in one place, while diagnostic tools give instructors access to rich data to assess student understanding and misconceptions. Mastering brings learning full circle by continuously adapting to each student and making learning more personal than ever—before, during, and after class.

NEW! Extensive labelling helps instructors quickly identify suitable assignments and assessment questions according to learning outcome, Bloom’s taxonomy rating, core concept and core competency discussed in the Vision and Change in Undergraduate Biology Education report, and, when applicable, common student misconceptions.
Hundreds of self-paced MasteringBiology assignment options provide individual coaching with specific hints and feedback for course material. Examples include:
NEW! Making Models Whiteboard Videos support the new Making Models text feature and include practice and assessment activities. The videos can be accessed via QR code, the eText, or in the Study Area of MasteringBiology. Instructors can also assign activities that include the videos plus application questions that help students develop the skills of interpreting visual models.
NEW! End-of chapter Case Study Questions ask students to synthesize and apply their knowledge of chapter concepts. Each case study includes at least one question that requires students to analyze real data or apply quantitative skills.
NEW! Galapagos Evolution Video Activities are incredible videos, filmed on the Galapagos Islands by Peter and Rosemary Grant, that bring to life the dynamic evolutionary processes that impact Darwin’s finches on Daphne Major Island. Six videos explore important concepts and data from the Grants’ field research, and assignable activities make sure students stay focused on the important takeaway points.
NEW! HHMI Short Films are documentary-quality movies from HHMI and include assignable questions.
EXPANDED! Big Picture Concept Map Tutorials require students to build their own concept map that synthesizes information across chapters and units. New to the Sixth Edition are concept map tutorials on Diversity.
“Solve It” Tutorials engage students in a multi-step investigation of a “mystery” or open question in which they must analyze real data.
Experimental Inquiry Tutorials allow students to replicate a classic biology experiment and learn the conceptual aspects of experimental design. Students can critically evaluate the experiment and make decisions about how to set up, interpret, assess, and evaluate other experiments.
BioFlix® Tutorials use movie-quality 3-D animations and coaching exercises to help students master tough topics outside of class.
NEW! Optional Adaptive Follow-up Assignments are based on each student’s performance on the original MasteringBiology assignment and provide additional coaching and practice tailored to each student’s needs.
NEW! Classroom activities are delivered via Learning Catalytics and clickers to help instructors easily incorporate the text’s new end of chapter case studies into their teaching.
NEW! Dynamic Study Modules provide students with multiple sets of questions with extensive feedback so that they can test, learn, and retest until they achieve mastery of the textbook material.
“Blue thread” questions, including End-of-Chapter problemsand BioSkills review questions, are available for assignment in MasteringBiology or for inclusion on tests.
Pre-class reading quizzes can be assigned through MasteringBiology to help students pinpoint concepts that they understand and concepts with which they need more help. By identifying topics that are most difficult for them, students are better prepared to ask questions and more likely to listen actively.
Get Ready for Biology exercises in the Study Area provide diagnostic tests, animations, tutorials, and self-assessment questions to help students brush up their study skills, math skills, language skills, and more.
Chemistry Review activities are integrated into appropriate chapters throughout the text to help students get up to speed with the chemistry knowledge they need to succeed in General Biology.
New to this Edition
ABOUT THE BOOK




Develop skills-based learning in biology: Building on the extensive skills instruction in previous editions, the Sixth Edition places an even greater emphasis on developing important science skills that reinforce concepts in biology.

Unique BioSkills reference section is now placed earlier in the text to draw attention to key skills students need to succeed in biology. Previously located in an appendix at the end of the text, this easy-to-find reference material now follows Chapter 1 to better support the development of skills throughout the course. Each BioSkill includes practice exercises in the book and in MasteringBiology that reinforce each skill.
Opening roadmap introduces the BioSkills section and places science skills in context with student success in biology.
BioSkill on Reading and Making Visual Models teaches students how to interpret visual models and how to create their own models to visualize and understand biology concepts.
BioSkill on Recognizing and Correcting Misconceptions alerts students to ways that preconceptions about ideas can hinder their understanding of biology. This BioSkill helps students develop metacognition about misconceptions, and it provides some strategies students can employ throughout the course to avoid common pitfalls.
EXPANDED! BioSkill on Interpreting Standard Error Bars and Using Statistical Tests includes a new discussion of commonly used tests, such as Chi square, t-test, and analysis of variance (ANOVA). A new section discusses interpreting P values and statistical significance.
BioSkill on Using Spectrophotometry covers this technique that is commonly taught and used in introductory labs.
BioSkill on Using Molecular Biology Tools and Techniques relocates material previously covered in genetics chapters. Coverage includes Making and Using DNA Libraries, PCR, Dideoxy Sequencing, Shotgun Sequencing, and DNA Microarray.
Unique Making Models boxes appear at strategic points throughout chapters to guide students in deepening their understanding of biology concepts by learning how to interpret and create visual models.
Brief, easy-to-follow instructions are provided in each Making Models box, including a short introduction that describes how to make a useful drawing, a simple sketch that models how to draw the concepts, and an activity question that prompts students to create their own model or modify the example sketch.
Interactive whiteboard videos accompany each Making Models box to deepen the learning and to dynamically show students how to build visual models. Students can access the videos via QR codes, through the eText, or in the Study Area of MasteringBiology.
MORE! Additional quantitative questions have been added throughout the text, and are labeled for easy identification to encourage students to practice quantitative reasoning skills. These questions are available for auto-graded assignments in MasteringBiology.

Engage students in scientific inquiry and active problem-solving: Throughout every chapter, the authors emphasize the scientific process and prompt students to think like a scientist.

End-of-chapter case studies appear in every chapter and provide a brief summary of contemporary biology research in action. Titled “Put It All Together,” each case study helps students connect what they learn in class with current, real-world biology research questions.
Case study questions ask students to synthesize and apply their knowledge of chapter concepts. Each case study includes at least one question that requires students to analyze real data or apply quantitative skills.
Classroom activity questions are available for clickers and in Learning Catalytics to help instructors easily incorporate the case studies into their classroom teaching.
Emphasize conceptual understanding while providing streamlined and up-to-date biology coverage.

Unique Big Picture concept maps integrate visuals and words to help students synthesize concepts, patterns, and information across chapters for challenging topics in biology, including Energy, Genetics, Evolution, and Ecology.
Big Picture concept map on the Diversity of Life helps students see relationships among the major taxonomic groups in the tree of life.
"You should be able to…" activities encourage students to analyze important patterns within each Big Picture concept map.
Unique chapter-opening roadmaps set the table for learning by visually grouping and organizing information to help students anticipate key ideas as well as recognize meaningful relationships and connections that are explored in the chapter that follows.
NEW! Streamlined coverage maintains an emphasis on topics that are most relevant to how today’s biologists understand the natural world. Examples include:
Newly combined chapters on reproduction and development (Chapter 38 and Chapter 47) integrate discussions that were previously found in separate chapters on developmental biology and plant and animal physiology. Melding and streamlining this information provides a more cohesive and succinct approach to these closely related topics.
Innovative Diversity summary tables present organismal taxonomy in a manageable and visually engaging format that helps students compare and contrast important details about key lineages. Each table includes a QR code that allows students to easily link to additional online reference material using a smartphone.
Chapter 20 (The Molecular Revolution: Biotechnology and Beyond) merges coverage of genomics and biotechnology topics that were previously discussed in separate chapters.
Extensive content updates include new data on global climate change, coverage of genomic editing via CRISPR-Cas9, details of how the Ebola virus infects cells, insights into the evolution of land plants, and more.


Closely align formative and summative assessment with Majors Biology course goals: Informed by current science education research and curriculum reform strategies, the Sixth Edition instructor resources provide a broad range of easy-to-use assessment options.

Chapter Assessment Grids help instructors quickly identify suitable assessment questions in the text according to learning outcomes, Bloom’s taxonomy ranking, core concepts and core competencies discussed in the Vision and Change in Undergraduate Biology Education report, and, when applicable, common student misconceptions.
An extensive selection of mid- and high-level assessment questions are provided throughout each chapter to help students prepare for tests.
Question labels call attention to questions that require quantitative skills, an understanding of the process of science, connecting biology and society, and making models.
Caution questions address topics for which students often hold common misconceptions. Answers to Caution questions include information that addresses the misconception.
This package includes with MasteringBiology™.



MasteringBiology from Pearson is the leading online homework, tutorial, and assessment system, designed to improve results by engaging students before, during, and after class with powerful content and activities. Instructors ensure students arrive ready to learn by assigning educationally effective content before class and encourage critical thinking and retention with in-class resources such as Learning Catalytics™. Students can further master concepts after class through traditional and adaptive homework assignments that provide hints and answer-specific feedback. The Mastering gradebook records scores for all automatically graded assignments in one place, while diagnostic tools give instructors access to rich data to assess student understanding and misconceptions. Mastering brings learning full circle by continuously adapting to each student and making learning more personal than ever—before, during, and after class.

Extensive labelling helps instructors quickly identify suitable assignments and assessment questions according to learning outcome, Bloom’s taxonomy rating, core concept and core competency discussed in the Vision and Change in Undergraduate Biology Education report, and, when applicable, common student misconceptions.
Hundreds of self-paced MasteringBiology assignment options provide individual coaching with specific hints and feedback for course material. Examples include:
Making Models Whiteboard Videos support the new Making Models text feature and include practice and assessment activities. The videos can be accessed via QR code, the eText, or in the Study Area of MasteringBiology. Instructors can also assign activities that include the videos plus application questions that help students develop the skills of interpreting visual models.
End-of chapter Case Study Questions ask students to synthesize and apply their knowledge of chapter concepts. Each case study includes at least one question that requires students to analyze real data or apply quantitative skills.
Galapagos Evolution Video Activities are incredible videos, filmed on the Galapagos Islands by Peter and Rosemary Grant, that bring to life the dynamic evolutionary processes that impact Darwin’s finches on Daphne Major Island. Six videos explore important concepts and data from the Grants’ field research, and assignable activities make sure students stay focused on the important takeaway points.
HHMI Short Films are documentary-quality movies from HHMI and include assignable questions.
EXPANDED! Big Picture Concept Map Tutorials require students to build their own concept map that synthesizes information across chapters and units. New to the Sixth Edition are concept map tutorials on Diversity.
“Solve It” Tutorials engage students in a multi-step investigation of a “mystery” or open question in which they must analyze real data.
Experimental Inquiry Tutorials allow students to replicate a classic biology experiment and learn the conceptual aspects of experimental design. Students can critically evaluate the experiment and make decisions about how to set up, interpret, assess, and evaluate other experiments.
BioFlix® Tutorials use movie-quality 3-D animations and coaching exercises to help students master tough topics outside of class.
Optional Adaptive Follow-up Assignments are based on each student’s performance on the original MasteringBiology assignment and provide additional coaching and practice tailored to each student’s needs.
Learning Catalytics™ enables instructors to generate class discussion, guide lectures, and promote peer-to-peer learning with real-time analytics. MyLab & Mastering with eText now provide Learning Catalytics—a student response tool that uses students’ smartphones, tablets, or laptops to engage them in more interactive tasks and thinking. Instructors can:
o Pose a variety of questions that help your students develop critical thinking skills

o Monitor responses to find out where students are struggling

o Use real-time data to adjust your instructional strategy and try other ways of engaging your students during class

o Manage student interactions by automatically grouping students for discussion, teamwork, and peer-to-peer learning

Classroom activities are delivered via Learning Catalytics and clickers to help instructors easily incorporate the text’s new end of chapter case studies into their teaching.
Dynamic Study Modules provide students with multiple sets of questions with extensive feedback so that they can test, learn, and retest until they achieve mastery of the textbook material.
Table of Contents
1. Biology and the Tree of Life

BioSkills

I. THE MOLECULAR ORGIN AND EVOLUTION OF LIFE

2. Water and Carbon: The Chemical Basis of Life

3. Protein Structure and Function

4. Nucleic Acids and the RNA World

5. An Introduction to Carbohydrates

6. Lipids, Membranes, and the First Cells



II. CELL STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION

7. Inside the Cell

8. Energy and Enzymes: An Introduction to Metabolism

9. Cellular Respiration and Fermentation

10. Photosynthesis

11. Cell-Cell Interactions

12. The Cell Cycle



III. GENE STRUCTURE AND EXPRESSION

13. Meiosis

14. Mendel and the Gene

15. DNA and the Gene: Synthesis and Repair

16. How Genes Work

17. Transcription, RNA Processing, and Translation

18. Control of Gene Expression in Bacteria

19. Control of Gene Expression in Eukaryotes

20. The Molecular Revolution: Biotechnology and Beyond

21. gGenes, Development, and Evolution



IV. EVOLUTIONARY PATTERNS AND PROCESSES

22. Evolution by Natural Selection

23. Evolutionary Processes

24. Speciation

25. Phylogenies and the History of Life



V. THE DIVERSIFICATION OF LIFE

26. Bacteria and Archaea

27. Protists

28. Green Algae and Land Plants

29. Fungi

30. An Introduction to Animals

31. Protostome Animals

32. Deuterostome Animals

33. Viruses



VI. HOW PLANTS WORK

34. Plant Form and Function

35. Water and Sugar Transport in Plants

36. Plant Nutrition

37. Plant Sensory Systems, Signals, and Responses

38. Plant Reproduction and Development



VII. HOW ANIMALS WORK

39. Animal Form and Function

40. Water and Electrolyte Balance in Animals

41. Animal Nutrition

42. Gas Exchange and Circulation

43. Animal Nervous Systems

44. Animal Sensory Systems

45 Animal Movement

46. Chemical Signals in Animals

47. Animal Reproduction and Development

48. The Immune System in Animals



VIII. ECOLOGY

49. An Introduction to Ecology

50. Behavioral Ecology

51. Population Ecology

52. Community Ecology

53. Ecosystems and Global Ecology

54. Biodiversity and Conservation Biology

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